ἀκτίς

ἀκτίς, -ῖνος
Grammatical information: f.
Meaning: `ray, beam of light' (Il.), also `spoke of a wheel' (AP).
Origin: XX [etym. unknown]
Etymology: ἀκτίς is built like δελφίς, γλωχίς, ὠδίς and prob. derived from a noun. Resembles Skt. aktú- most, but its meaning is very difficult (s. Renou Monographies sanskrites 2, 6; Kuiper Vāk 2, 81f, 89f); one meaning seems to be `night', the other has been derived from añj- `smear'; Kuiper thinks it means `ray, light'. As `night' it has been connected with Goth. uhtwo f. (PGm. *uŋχtwōn- \< *n̥kʷt-u-) `dawn' (Lith. ankstì `early' requires an initial laryngeal, which excludes derivation from `night', as Gr. νύξ shows that there was no laryngeal.) ἀκτίς can have had *h₂- (which is impossible for aktú-) as well as *n̥-, but not *h₂n̥-, which would give ἀν-), nor labio-velar.
Page in Frisk: 1,61

Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό). . 2010.

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